The United Republic of Tanzania


The URT developed and is implementing a skills development framework to make sure Tanzanian are gaining the necessary labour skills to create the industrialized economy. The FYDP II recognizes the need for graduates to possess more marketable skills and for students to have better learning environments. As the number of university graduates is increasing, this skills programme will position investors with sufficient workforce to fill various positions.

In Tanzania, labor and immigration regulations permit foreign investors to recruit up to five expatriates when these skills are unavailable locally. The 2015 Non-Citizens (Employment Regulation) Act requires employers to submit “succession plans” for their foreign employees, detailing how knowledge and skills would be transferred to local employees. Under the new law, non-citizens may be granted work permits for a period of two years which may be renewed up to a total validity period of five years.

Mainland Tanzania's minimum wage is set by categories covering 12 employment sectors. The minimum wage ranges from Tsh 100,000 ($45) per month for agricultural labourers to Tsh 400,000 ($180) per month for labourers employed in the mineral sector (companies with mining and prospecting licenses).

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